Seminar⏐Séminaire 2020-2021


Prochaine séance du séminaire :

09 avril 2021 | 16h-18h
— Savoirs scientifiques et médicaux en dialogue avec l’esthétique filmique (Scientific and medical knowledge in relation to filmic aesthetics)

John MACKAY (University of Yale)
Dziga Vertov at the Psychoneurological Institute and beyond

In my presentation I would like to discuss Dziga Vertov’s time at the Petrograd Psychoneurological Institute (1914-16), and the possible impact of his studies there on his filmmaking practice. While Vertov was studying at the Institute, scientific filmmaking (in which he might have been involved) was being conducted there, and the application of film to scientific study was discussed publicly by some of the Institute’s most famous professors, including its founder, Vladimir Bekhterev (1857-1927). Beyond this, two scientific notions of importance at the Institute during these years – a materialist monism that took energy to be the basic stuff of all physical and mental phenomena, and a preoccupation with the communicative and economic significance of the rhythms of bodily movements – may have had a lasting effect on Vertov’s thinking about a “revolutionary” cinema’s true vocation.

Anna TOROPOVA (University of Nottingham)
Technology of the Unconscious: Cinema and Hypnosis in Early Soviet Russia

The 1930s in Soviet Russia witnessed a number of experiments in film psychotherapy—the attempt to deploy the cinematic medium in the hypnotherapeutic treatment of addictions, neuroses and mental disorders. This paper explores how such experiments sought to turn cinema’s ‘hypnotic and suggestive power’, which was a source of considerable anxiety in interwar Europe, into a positive therapeutic force. Tracing the fate of the Soviet psychotherapeutic film from its roots in the health enlightenment campaigns of the 1920s, I bring to light the medical and political hopes pinned on the project as well as the reasons why film psychotherapy’s considerable potential remained largely unrealised.

Discussion : Irina Tcherneva (CNRS, Eur’ORBEM)

Dziga Vertov, STRIDE, SOVIET (1926)

Séances suivantes :

07 mai 2021 | 16h-18h
— La technique comme symbole
Yuri LEVING (Dalhousie University)
Xavier GALMICHE (Sorbonne Université, Eur’ORBEM)
Daria SINICHKINA (Sorbonne Université, Eur’ORBEM)

21 mai 2021 | 16h-18h
— Aux frontières (des écrits) de soi (et de la littérature) : études sur le handicap face aux
écrits de l’intime, un état des lieux
Mateusz CHMURSKI (Sorbonne Université, Eur’ORBEM)
Thomas G. COUSER (Hofstra University, sous réserve)

11 juin 2021 | 16h-18h
— Exhumer les cadavres (des mots et des images)
Claire DELAUNAY (Sorbonne Université, Eur’ORBEM)
Sarah GRUSZKA (EHESS, CERCEC)
Irina TCHERNEVA (CNRS, Eur’ORBEM)


The launching seminar of SAMSON research program deals with the construction of social norms as originated from the dialogues between the fields of arts, literature, medicine and sciences in Central Europe and Russia from the 18th century onwards.

Through an interdisciplinary prism (history, philosophy, anthropology, art history, social psychology, literature, film studies), this seminar gives an occasion to gather researchers willing to bring their specific expertises and to think over the following working hypothesis: the evolution of social norms proceeds from the interactions between scientific and cultural inventions.

The research project, more precisely, aims identifying and studying shared vocabularies and imaginaries that emerged from that interactions, but also discourses and practices that were included into general debates about social norms: the impact of modernization, the influence of inventions and technics, the role of the individual, the structure of state power, gender roles, the structuring imprint of professional and amateur know-how, etc. A specific attention will be paid, for instance, to the manners used by literature to reflect and comment Western medical practices from the time of the Enlightenment in order to point out social and political issues, developing by their approach positive or more critical stands.

On a theoretical level, one of the key-issues of the seminar is thus to deconstruct concepts such as identity and deviancy, by grasping the breaks and the continuities through which they were formed according to the period and the region considered, namely to determine the scientific and cultural foundations, the ways they were implemented in the fields of law and politics (restrictions, prohibition, taboos), and the forms of artistic expression, through which they were constantly moulded and redefined.

Le séminaire inaugural du programme de recherche SAMSON a pour vocation d’interroger la construction des normes sociétales en tant qu’elles résultent du croisement entre les domaines des arts, de la littérature, de la médecine et des sciences en Europe centrale et en Russie, du XVIIIe siècle à nos jours.

Assumant un prisme interdisciplinaire (histoire, philosophie, anthropologie, histoire de l’art, psychologie sociale, études littéraires, études cinématographiques), ce séminaire sera l’occasion de réunir des chercheurs français et étrangers, chacun apportant une expertise propre et capable de mettre en perspective l’hypothèse de travail suivante : l’évolution des modèles normatifs au sein de ces contextes procède des interactions entre les développements de la science et de la culture.

Il s’agira, plus précisément, d’inventorier et d’étudier les vocabulaires et les imaginaires communs qui émergent de ces interactions, mais aussi les discours et les pratiques qui s’intègrent à des débats plus vastes concernant les normes sociétales : l’impact de la modernisation, l’influence des inventions et des techniques, le rôle de l’individu, la structure du pouvoir de l’État, les rôles de genre, l’empreinte structurante des savoir-faire professionnels ou amateurs, etc. Une attention sera, par exemple, portée à la manière dont la pratique littéraire reflète et commente les pratiques médicales occidentales dès l’époque des Lumières pour en révéler les enjeux sociaux et politiques et les accompagner de discours approbateurs ou, à l’inverse, critiques.

À un niveau plus théorique, l’un des enjeux-clés de ce séminaire est ainsi de déconstruire les concepts d’« identité » et de « déviance » en saisissant les ruptures et les continuités dont ils font l’objet selon la période et la région analysées, c’est-à-dire d’identifier les fondements scientifiques et culturels, les modes d’application politiques et juridiques (à travers les interdits ou les tabous) et les formes d’expression artistiques, à travers lesquels ils se forgent et se redéfinissent constamment.


DOCUMENTS
Programme du séminaire (version française) : à télécharger ici.
Program of the seminar (english version) : to download here.